Size: 30,221,532 sq km
No. of countries: 54
Population: 1,216,130,000

  • Of the seven continents of the world, Africa is the second largest
  • The continents terrain was inhabitable and remained unknown for thousands of years, earning it the name of ‘Dark Continent’
  • The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa
  • The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa
  • The equator passes through the middle of the Dark Continent and it receives direct sunlight throughout the year
  • As per research evidence, Africa is the place where Homo sapiens originated and then migrated to all the other continents of the world
  • More than 50 per cent of the world’s gold and 95 per cent of the world’s diamonds come from the mineral rich continent of Africa
  • The world also gets 66 per cent of its chocolate from the Dark Continent
  • The major animals in Africa include — cheetah, African elephant, lion, zebra, Egyptian mongoose, giraffe, addax