Size: 14,000,000 sq km
No. of countries: 0
Population: 1,106

  • Antarctica is not only the coldest place on Earth but also the highest, driest, windiest and emptiest
  • 75 per cent of the world’s ice and 70 per cent of the Earth’s fresh water is located in Antarctica
  • It is also called the White Continent or the Frozen Continent
  • Before 1840, Antarctic was called ‘Terra Australis Incognita’ which meant ‘the unknown southern land’
  • Antarctica sees half a year of light and half a year of complete darkness – summer months of December to February give 24 hours of light, while the winter months of late March to late September are pitch dark the whole day
  • Summer temperatures in the Frozen Continent are around -35 degree C in the interior and 2 degree C at the coasts. In the winters, it is -70 degree C in the interior and 2 degree C at the coasts
  • Antarctica saw the coldest natural temperature ever recorded on Earth was -89 degree C
  • Because of this sort of extreme temperature fluctuations, Antarctica is larger in winters by around 14.2 million square kilometers than in summers due to the ice formation around the periphery
  • Nothing can rot in the icy waters of Antarctica
  • There are no time zones on this continent
  • The largest land animal in Antarctica is a 1.3 cm long insect known as Belgica Antarctica
  • The only permanent settlements in Antarctica are the research bases where scientists from different countries come to do their work
  • Penguins are home in Antractica and Adelie penguins are the most common kind found here