Size: 10,180,000 sq km
No. of countries: 50
Population: 738,849,000

  • Europe and Asia are parts of the same major landmass — Europe is separated from Asia by the Ural mountains and the Caspian Sea
  • The highest mountain in this continent is Mt. Elbrus
  • The Balkan ranges, Pyrenees, Apennines, Cantabrian, and the Dinaric Alps are some of the major mountains in Europe
  • Europe is surrounded by water on three sides — Mediterranean Sea in the south, Atlantic Ocean in the west, and Arctic Ocean in the north
  • The world’s smallest country, the Vatican City, is in Europe
  • Some of the major rivers of Europe include Danube, Elbe, Loire, Oder, Dnieper and Don
  • Finland, in Europe, is called the ‘Land of Lakes’ because melting ice sheets have created a lot of lakes here
  • The longest rail route in the world is the Trans-Siberian Rail Route located in Europe which connects St Petersburg in the west and Vladivostok in the east.
  • Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Denmark together form the Scandinavian countries
  • Yugoslavia, Greece, Romania and Albania are together called the Balkan states
  • Spain and Portugal form Iberia together
  • The Baltic states comprise Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia
  • Great Britain and Ireland form the two main island groups of Europe
  • Ukraine’s Steppe region is called the ‘Granary of the world’ or ‘Bread Basket of the world’
  • Moscow is called the ‘Port of Five Seas’ as through its rivers and canals, it connects to five seas
  • Maize, barley, rice and oilseeds are the major foodcrops of the continent
  • Three-fourth of the world’s potatoes grow in Europe
  • The Volga is the longest river in Europe
  • The second longest river of Europe, the Danube, passes through five capital cities of the
  • The major animals of Europe are – hedgehog, roe deer, wild boards, blue tit, the European tree frog